Parwich & District Local History Society

Newsletter number 16 (February 2004)

Free to members (£1 to non-members)

Production of this issue sponsored by Bennetts (Irongate) Ltd

Artefacts found in Parwich

Copyright © 2004 Michael Radcliffe

Whenever any digging takes place in Parwich, one’s thoughts turn to what might turn up from the past as the shovel of a digger turns over soil, and debris is loaded onto skips to be dumped elsewhere.  A number of experiences recently have illustrated this and are described below.

Dennis Stone and Frank Dale were once excavating between Wheatsheaf Cottage and Rose Cottage to create a garden.  While Frank was loading soil and debris onto his wagon, Dennis spotted a trough similar to the many gritstone troughs that abound round Parwich.  This one however was different, it was not formed from gritstone but instead it was limestone, about 2 feet wide by 3 feet long and 2 feet deep.  Dennis realised this was a rarity and instead of it being loaded onto Frank’s wagon, Dennis took possession of it for safe keeping with the owner’s consent.  I wonder whether there are any other limestone troughs in Parwich and how common such things are? Limestone is much more difficult to work than gritstone which probably explains why gritstone troughs predominate. 

At Flaxdale House we recently rebuilt the boundary wall opposite Brentwood, it being in imminent danger of collapse due to tree roots and traffic vibration.  At each end two large laurels, much overgrown were taking over the wall, one near the telephone box and the other next to the drive, dangerously obscuring the visibility of traffic. The waller, Trevor Wragg had noticed that the wall next to the drive was not a dry stone wall, but had mortar between the joints and this puzzled him.  When William Gosling came down with his Manitou to root out the laurel he suddenly realised we had come across the old milk churn stand. I wonder how many Parwich residents remember the milk churns being collected from Flaxdale Farm?  Ambrose Wilton once told me he could remember 6 or 8 cows being milked twice a day in the barn at Flaxdale.  This was before he used to park his car in the barn!

When we first arrived at Flaxdale House, we were puzzled why the kitchen floor was permanently wet.  We tracked down Cassandra Braddock (now Wildgoose) who was brought up at Flaxdale and she explained that the old water supply for the house came from a never ending spring that fed into two gritstone troughs built into the wall of the old milk cooling parlour.  When David Shaw came with his excavator to dig a trench for the new French drain, he exposed the entry to the old parlour where the troughs had been sited and we found the source of the spring that had continued to flow into the kitchen when the troughs were removed to the front garden. We now have a dry kitchen and the old spring now feeds into the rainwater drain.

When Dennis Stone was excavating at Court House in Creamery Lane, levelling the ground for the tennis court, he came across a baked clay artefact that he thinks may have dated from Roman times.  It looked like a clay draught with a hole in the middle and measured 1 to 1.5 inches across and about 3/8th inch thick.  Sadly Dennis tells me it has since got mislaid in the many moves he has had since the finding, but it may yet turn up again. Have any other Parwich residents have found anything similar?

The back garden at Flaxdale, once the farm yard and later used by Dennis Stone as his storage yard for plant and snow ploughs, is now being replanned.  When we arrived at Flaxdale we wondered why the soil, which had been turfed over, was so difficult to work. Plans for the garden which involve creating new flowerbeds have resulted in much excavation of the soil to removed all sorts of debris.  Antique bottles, old clay pipe and pottery shards have been found by the dozen and we also found an old flagon, sadly in pieces, with the name of a brewer in Burton on Trent, probably dating from Victorian times.

If any Parwich residents come across old artefacts while gardening or while working on their properties, the History Society would much appreciate knowledge of any finds so that they can be dated and catalogued.  Do let the Newsletter know about any finds.

 

An A to Z of Parwich Families in the Nineteenth Century & Earlier

Copyright © 2004  Peter Trewhitt

 The section on the Allsop families of Parwich provoked a good response, and a lot of  information.  I am currently pulling that information together into a booklet on the Allsops in Parwich.  There was a de Alsop here in the late twelfth century, who may have been the ancestor of the de Parwich family which seems to have disappeared some time in the fourteenth century.  The next de Alsop in Parwich appears in the records of 1337 and he may be the ancestor of the majority of the Parwich Allsops.  It is not until the early 1500s that we can start to make up genealogies for the Parwich Allsops, but then we have family trees spanning 500 years.  The main text of this booklet is some 30 pages with a further substantial appendix containing transcripts of Allsop wills from the sixteenth century onwards.  It may be as we go along more families will produce enough information to warrant further booklets.  It is not planned to have them professionally printed but small numbers will be printed off from the computer and spiral bound as required.

B (Part I)

The letter ‘B’ seems to be a very popular one to start surnames with, and a number of significant local families come under this section.  What follows draws mainly on the Society’s transcripts of the Nineteenth Century Censuses and Brian Foden’s transcript of the Parish Registers.  Information on records outside Parwich is largely taken from the Mormon’s Family Search web-site (see references).  Given the number of significant local families with surnames beginning with ‘B’ (Beresford, Blackwell, Blore, Brownlee, Brownson and Bunting) this section will be spread across several Newsletters.  Further information on these or any other Parwich families would be welcomed for the Newsletter.  Despite the fact that some families such as the Allsops and the Brownsons have been here since the start of records, this section on the ‘B’s, illustrates how mobile people were in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries.  The main cause of movement into the Village in the Censuses is people coming from relatively near for farm work or to take up farm tenancies, and it is likely to be the same for the Eighteen Century.  Movement out of the Village requires more investigation, though in the families that we do have information for, such as the Allsops and the Brownsons, children seem to have moved away for employment opportunities, this is especially illustrated by Allsops and Brownsons moving to the Manchester area.

Baddeley

This Staffordshire name occurs only once on the 1851 Census with a Richard W Baddeley aged 10 years.  He was born in Rocester in Staffordshire, and was one of two boarding pupils of Rev. W Fisher, vicar of Parwich from 1849 to 1863.  The Parwich living, though by then joined with Alsop-en-le-Dale, has never been well paid, and presumably Rev. Fisher took in pupils to add to his income.  The sort of life such a pupil would have depended very much on the family he boarded with, as illustrated by the experiences of Tom Tulliver under the Rev. Stelling in the “Mill on the Floss”: “Tom Tulliver, then, compared with many other British youths of his time, who have since had to scramble through life with some fragments of more or less      relevant knowledge, and a great deal of strictly relevant ignorance, was not so very unlucky.  Mr. Stelling was a broad-chested, healthy man, with the bearing of a gentleman, a conviction that a growing boy required a sufficiency of beef, and a certain hearty kindness that made him like to see Tom looking well and enjoying his dinner: not a man of refined  conscience, or with deep sense of infinite issues belonging to everyday duties; not quite     competent in his high offices; but incompetent gentlemen must live, and without a private fortune it is difficult to see how they could live at all genteelly if they had nothing to do with education or the government.”  Richard would have been sent to the Rev. Fisher to learn Latin and Greek, at least he would have had plenty of space in the Hall, which was used as the Vicarage for most of the nineteenth century.  In the 1861 Census no pupils are listed.

Bagshaw/Bagshawe

This old Derbyshire family has current links with Parwich through Mrs. M. Bagshawe, who owns the residue of her father’s estate in Parwich.  She was the eldest daughter of Sir John Crompton-Inglefield, but prior to her marriage the only other Bagshaw reference in the Parwich records was the burial of Elizabeth Bagshaw on 15th July 1740.  She was the wife of John Bagshaw of Wetton.  This raises the question if she was living in Wetton why was she buried in Parwich?  There is no record of a John Bagshaw marrying in Parwich, but had he married a Parwich girl, who wished to be buried in her home village?  An Elizabeth Clarke married a John Bagshaw in Alstonefield Church, the parish church for Wetton, in 1698.  Could this be her?  The family name comes from the place name Bagshaw which is made up of two Anglo-Saxon elements, the personal name ‘Bacga’ and ‘sceaga’ meaning wood or copse.  The Bagshaw family has continued to be successful locally, with Bagshawe Hall in Bakewell being my favourite building in the town.

Bainbridge

Although no Bainbridges appear in the Census, this name from the north east of England does occur several times in the Parish Registers.  The name Bainbridge comes from the North Yorkshire village of that name.  It is a fairly common surname in Yorkshire, Durham and Northumberland.  A William Brierly of Wirksworth married a Martha Bainbridge, also originally from Wirksworth, in Parwich on 16th December 1708.  Possibly Martha was working here at the time of her marriage.

In the nineteenth century a Thomas Bainbridge married Matilda Mather on 2nd February 1847.  Thomas is listed as the son of a Job Bainbridge, and the most likely candidate on the Mormon’s Family Search website is a Thomas Benbrick son of Job and Mary Benbrick  baptised in Warslow on 13th July 1823.  This is consistent with the later 1881 Census entry where Thomas’ birthplace is given as Elkstone, which would have been served by Warslow Church.  The Mather family seems to have settled in Parwich from Wirksworth in the early 1800s (see article on Rose Cottage deeds in Newsletter issue 3 p. 8).  Thomas and Matilda had a daughter, Mary Ellen, baptised here on 4th November 1849, and an infant Emma Bainbridge, presumably another daughter, was buried here on 13th December 1852.  There is no mention of this family on the Parwich Censuses so presumably they did not live in the village, though Martha may have returned to her parents’ house to give birth.  They were in Liverpool in the 1850s for the birth of other children, and they appear in Yorkshire on the 1881 Census, where Thomas was farming 14 acres in a village called Northowran.

Baird

A Julie Ann Baird died at Gotham (which farm is not specified) aged two weeks, and was buried in Parwich churchyard on 17th December 1868.  There are no other Bairds in the Parwich records.

Baker

A Sarah Baker died at Roston (Roystone Grange?), and was buried in Parwich Churchyard on 2nd June 1790.

Ball

There were a number of Balls in Parwich from the late 1600s to the mid-1700s.  So far this family’s origin is not known, and they appear to have gone during the 1700s.  The entries in the Parish Registers do not give a clear view of how the individuals were related, if in deed they were related:

Mary Ball

Baptised 25 Feb 1695

Daughter of John & Ann Ball

John Ball

Baptised 13th Jan 1706

Son of John & Ann Ball

Thomas Ball

Buried 20th Mar 1702

 

Mary Ball

Buried 2nd Dec 1706

 

Ann Ball

Buried 19 July 1711

 

Frances Ball

Buried 25th April 1712

 

William Ball

Buried 14th Aug 1742

(Died aged 100 years)

Elizabeth Ball

Married 24th Sept 1709

To Thomas Sellars of Parwich

Mary Ball

Married 29th Sept 1758

To Thomas Doncaster of Parwich

 
Barber

A Joseph and Mary Barber had their son Jasper baptised here on 21st June 1812.  There does not appear to be any other mention of the family in the records for Parwich.

Barker

We have only one Barker in the Parish Registers: a William Barker of Chaddesden married Hannah Dakin of Parwich here on 3rd June 1829.  Both were aged 21 years when they married, and do not appear on any of the Censuses, so seem to have moved away after the wedding.

Again we have only one Barker in the Censuses: Josuha Barker was an agricultural labourer for John Tomson at Hill Farm (presumably Hill Top Farm).  Generally agricultural workers living on the farm are young lads starting out on their career, but Joshua, a widower, is 59 years old, when listed on the 1881 Census.  He was from Grindon in Staffordshire.  There was a second agricultural labourer here, aged 60, also from Grindon, and a lad aged 12 working there.  The household was all from Staffordshire, except perhaps the dairymaid (see below). 

Hill Top Farm was created relatively late on in the Nineteenth Century from land previously farmed from Hallcliffe in the centre of the Village, and it looks as if John Tomson brought a complete staff with him when he took over the farm.

Barton

The only Barton and the only member of the Hill Farm household not listed as from Staffordshire was Elizabeth Barton, dairymaid, aged 22 in 1881, but she was listed as from Alton in Derbyshire so this presumably was in error for Alton in Staffordshire.

More ‘B’s’ will follow in subsequent issues including sections on the following names :     Beresford, Blackwell, Blore, Brownlee, Brownson and Bunting.

Researching the history of Parwich families?

We would like to hear from anyone researching the history of any Parwich  families.  We are continuing the ‘A to Z of Nineteenth Century Parwich     Families’ in the Newsletter, though as readers will see we are only on the ‘B’s so far.  Having said that we have run a number of articles out of sequence on  individual families written by people researching those families.  We will be producing the first in a possible series of monographs on specific families, on the ‘Allsops’, in the next month or so.  Further we wish to develop on our    website a list of researchers and a notice board for queries.  Do get in touch in if you wish to be mentioned on the website or have any information on a Parwich family you wish to share.

 

Contact the Editor on PeterTrewhitt@aol.com or by phone 01335 390 287 or via our website www.parwichhistory.com 

Parwich Land Records:

Copyright © 2004 Brian Foden

Our new President, Brian Foden, was partly elected because of his commitment to studying the history of Parwich over a number of years.  He is especially interested in the landscape history of the area and has extensively researched both the landscape itself and records relating to land use and ownership.  Below are his transcriptions of five documents relating to land holdings in Parwich.

Editor

1696. SALE OF LAND called Hunger Hill* by George Dakyn to Sir Richard Levinge.  Addressed as a letter for Lady Levinge at her house in Crane Court, Fleet St, London (held by the Historic Manuscripts Commission, Chancery Lane, London)

XXIV

GEORGE DAKYN and Sir RICHARD LEVINGE Knight.

(Memorandum) It is agreed between George Dakyn of Parwich in the County of Derby, Yeoman, son and heir of Thomas Dakyn, deceased And Sir Richard Levinge of Parwich aforesaid, Knight, this 18th day of September 1696 in manner and form following: -

            Imprimis. The said George Dakyn doth for himself, his heirs, executors and administrators, covenant and agree to and with the said Sir Richard Levinge, his heirs and assigns, that he the said George Dakyn, or his heirs, shall and will at any time within the space of six months next ensuing the date hereof, at the request of the said Sir Richard Levinge, convey or assure, or procure to be conveyed and assured in due form of law unto the said Sir Richard Levinge his heirs and assigns for ever. All That, his the said George Dakyn’s close of land in Parwich aforesaid, called, or known by the name of Hunger Hill, now in the possession of the said George Dakyn, with his Rights, Members and Appurtenances, containing by estimation, Seven acres of land, be the same more or less, and lately divided into two parts; and also one half Beastgate, or depasturing for one half beast at all times in the year, in, upon and through a common pasture in Parwich aforesaid called Hawkslow with all his, the said George Dakyn’s right and title to so much of the soil of the said pasture as is proportionable to the said half Beastgate; free and discharged from all the encumbrance or title, charge, or estate. In consideration thereof the said Sir Richard Levinge hath paid unto the said George Dakyn the sum of five pounds and ten shillings in hand, before the sealing hereof, and doth hereby for himself, his heirs, executors, and administrators, covenant and agree to pay unto him, the said George Dakyn, or to his use, within six months next ensuing, the further sum of one hundred and thirty pounds for the purchase of the premises.

            And the said George Dakyn doth hereby farther for himself, his heirs, executors, and administrators, covenant and agree to and with the said Sir Richard Levinge, his heirs and assigns, that he the said George Dakyn or his heirs, shall and will at the reasonable request of the said Sir  Richard Levinge his heirs, executors, and administrators, the repayment of the sum of fifty pounds due unto him by the several BONDS; and also all other sums of money which the said Sir RICHARD LEVINGE shall lay out or stand engaged for, on behalf of the said GEORGE DAKYN by mortgage of ether the lands of him, the said GEORGE DAKYN, in Parwich aforesaid. In witness thereof the parties aforesaid have hereunto interchangeably put their hands and seals the day and year first above written.

                                                                        Signed & sealed

                                                                                                GEORGE DAKYN

Sealed and delivered     (upon stamped paper)

In the presence of Mary Gregory, Fra Lee

(Endorsed) Mem. The sum of £5.10s.6d within mentioned was paid by the within mentioned Sir Richard Levinge unto the within mentioned George Dakyn, before the sealing herein witness my hand 18.9.1696.

Witness, Mary Gregory. Fra Lee.

* Hunger Hill is north of Alsop Lane on the Alsop en le Dale side of Parwich Lees

 

Queen Ann Land Tax Returns

There are surviving Land Tax returns for two years.  The Land Tax returns for 1705, totalling £98- 5s-9d,  show Richard Levinge as the largest landowner in Parwich, with Robert Dale and his sons second, Mr Garvin Corbin (father in law to Richard Levinge) was the third largest landowner. It is interesting to note that Catherine; the Queen Dowager also owned land in Parwich. Catherine or Catherine of Braganza was the daughter of the King of Portugal, she married Charles II in 1662, and although a Roman Catholic and bearing him no children remained his wife until his death in 1685. Catherine could have acquired her lands in Parwich through the Duchy of Lancaster. She died in 1705.

PARWICH LAND TAX RETURNS 1705

An assessment for the raising of Ninety Eight pounds Five shillings and Nine pence, upon the Liberty of Parwich in pursuance of an Act of Parliament entitled an Act for granting an aid for Her Majesty by Land Tax to be raised in the year 1705.

 

£

s

d

f

 

£

s

d

f

Catherine Queen Dowager

1

4

0

 

Thomas Allsope  de Coldeton

3

4

11

 

Sir Richard Leving

19

11

1

 

Ralph Shaw

1

4

6

 

Mr Gavin Corbin

7

2

6

 

Fferrars Piece

0

19

0

 

Mr Robert Fferns

2

6

8

2

Thomas Creswell

0

6

4

 

Mr William Allsop

6

5

6

 

Priest Roods

0

4

9

 

Mr Thomas Buckley

4

15

0

 

Church and Poor Land

1

11

8

 

Mr Robert Dale and his sons

8

1

6

 

Tythe, wool and lamb

0

10

6

 

Mathew Taylor

0

19

0

 

Tythe, corn

1

2

0

 

Richard Berresford

0

9

6

 

Thomas Dakeyne

0

4

9

 

John Tomlinson

1

13

3

 

Mary Bell

0

2

8

 

Mr George Ward

1

5

4

 

John Macconnel

0

4

0

 

Thomas Brownson

1

5

4

 

The Constable

2

19

2

 

Thomas Gould of Lenscliffe

2

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Dakeyne of Ye Flat

2

17

0

 

In Total

98

5

9

 

Widow Dakeyne

1

8

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Allsop of Lens

1

13

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

William Yates

0

6

4

 

          George Dakeyne

 

 

 

 

Ralph Lomas

0

3

2

 

          Francis Roe

 

 

 

 

George Roe

3

9

3

1

 

 

 

 

 

Sampson Roe for Halloys Est

0

17

5

 

          John Dakeyne)

 

 

 

 

Ffrancis Roe

2

16

7

1

          Richard Roe   )  Collectors.

 

 

 

 

Anthony Swindell

1

6

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

Isaac Tomlinson

0

10

3

2

(Note the front side of this         document is signed with four

 

 

 

 

Robert Ensor

3

0

2

 

seals by the following )

 

 

 

 

Mr Gettcliffe

0

4

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

William Gould

1

16

5

 

          Philip Gibbon,

 

 

 

 

Thomas Gould  sen

0

14

3

 

          Jo’ Beresford,

 

 

 

 

Jonathan Gould

 

8

8

2

          Ffra’ Sleigh,

 

 

 

 

William Darrington & his Mother

0

18

2

2

          Benj’ Hayiscord?

 

 

 

 

John Ball

1

11

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Dakin of Ireton

1

0

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anthony Beresford

0

19

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Humphry Briddon

1

2

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Dakeyne’s  Estate

1

7

8

2

 

 

 

 

 

The Parwich Land Tax returns for 1711 remained at £98-5s-9d the same as in 1705, but the taxes paid by Sir Richard Levinge almost doubled from £19-11s-1d to £36-18s-11d. It could be that Sir Richard acquired the lands of his father in law Gavin Corbin and also of Thomas Buckley and Mathew Taylor all of who do not appear on the 1711 tax returns.

 

PARWICH LAND TAX RETURNS ( 1711 )

An assessment made by us whose names are hereto subscribed this first day of May 1711 for ye raising of Ninety Eight pounds Five shillings and Nine pence. Charged upon ye aforesaid Liberty for one years Tax pursuant to an Act of Parliament entitled an Act for granting an aid to Her Majesty to be raised by a Land Tax in Great Britain for ye service of ye year 1711.

 

£

s

d

 

 

£

s

d

Richard Leving for Chief Rent

1

0

0

 

Tho & Jonothan Gould

1

4

2

Richard Leving for his Land & Tithes

36

18

11

 

Wm Darington & Mother

0

19

2

Mr Robert Fferns

2

9

2

 

Jno Ball for Parsons Croft

0

5

0

Mr William Allsopp

8

11

8

 

Geo Dakin  Ireton

1

1

8

Mr Robert Dale & his sons

8

10

0

 

Antho Berisford

1

5

10

Richard Berissford

0

10

0

 

Hum Briddon for his house

0

2

6

Jno Tomlinson

1

15

0

 

Hum Briddon for Thorns

0

15

0

Mr Ward

1

6

8

 

Th: Allsopp for tithes,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 wool, lamb.                     

0

10

8

Tho; Brownson  

1

6

8

 

Ralph Shaw    

1

5

10

Thos Gould of Lenscliffe

2

3

4

 

Fferres Piece

1

0

0

Geo Dakin of Fflatt

3

0

0

 

Priest Roods

0

5

0

Widow Dakin

1

10

0

 

Tho: Creswell

0

12

11

Tho Allssopp of Lonclife

1

5

6

 

Church and Poor Land

1

15

2

Wm Yates

0

6

8

 

Mathew Taylor

1

0

0

James Swindell   

0

4

2

 

Rid Buxton

0

7

11

Geo Roe

3

12

11

 

The Constable

1

9

4

Sampson Roe for Hawlets

0

18

4

 

 

 

 

 

Ffrancis Roe

2

19

7

 

Total

98

5

9

Antho Swindell

1

2

6

 

 

 

 

 

Isaac Tomlinson

0

10

10

 

 

 

 

 

Robt Ensor

2

0

0

 

Rob Dale

 

 

 

Mr Gottlife

0

5

0

 

William Gould

 

 

 

Wm Gould

1

18

4

 

(5 other names unreadable)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wm Gould

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Thomas Dale

 

 

 

 

PRIVATE ENCLOSURE OF LAND 1759

THIS INDENTURE OF NINE PARTS Made the first day of May in the thirty second year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George The Second by the grace of god of Great Britain and Ireland King Defender of the Faith and so forth and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and fifty nine.

Between

1.         Sir Charles Levinge of Waterford in the Kingdom of Ireland Baronet of the first part,

            Job Roe of Parwich in the County of Derby and Kingdom of Great Britain, Yeoman of the second Part.

            Joseph Sykes of Newark in the County of Nottingham Esquire, of the third part.

            Samuel Saunders of Brailsford in the County of Derby, Yeoman, of the fourth part.

            Thomas Kirkham of Parwich aforesaid, Yeoman, of the fifth part.

            Samuel Alsopp of Wirksworth in the County of Derby, Miner, of the Sixth Part.

            John Alsopp of Ashbourne in the same County, Gentleman, of the seventh part.

            Thurstan Dale of Parwich aforesaid, Gentleman, of the eighth part.

            Robert Dale the younger of Ashbourne aforesaid, Gentleman, of the ninth part.

WHERE AS by the articles of agreement bearing date the fifth day of December which was in the year of our Lord 1756 and made between and amongst the said Sir Charles Levinge of the first part and the said Thurston Dale of the second part, the said Robert Dale of the fifth part, the said Samuel Alsopp of the sixth part, the said Joseph Sykes of the seventh part, the said Samuel  Saunders of the eighth part, Thomas Kirkham of the ninth part.

RECITING that the said Sir Charles Levinge, Thurston Dale, John Alsopp Robert Dale, Job Roe, Samuel Alsopp, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders and Thomas Kirkham stood seized to them and their heirs respectively of and in a certain Common Pasture in Parwich aforesaid called the UPPER PIECE or UPPER MOOR with the following shares and proportions to wit,

The said Sir Charles Levinge was entitled to Nine sheep gates or pasturing for nine sheep at all times of the year.

            The said Thurston Dale to the like depasturage for 279 sheep,

            The said John Alsopp to the like depasturage for 198 sheep.

            The said Joseph Sykes to the like depasturage for 72 sheep.

            The said Job Roe to the like depasturing for 63 sheep.

            The said Samuel Alsopp to the like depasturing for 36 sheep.

            The said Joseph Sykes to the like depasturing for 27 sheep.

            The said Samuel Saunders to the like depasturing for 18 sheep.

            And the said Thomas Kirkham to the like depasturing 18 sheep.

AND RECITING A FURTHER that the said Proprietors had agreed amongst themselves to have the said Common Pasture divided so that each of them might have and enjoy his share thereof in severality and for that end had fixed upon Francis Beresford of Cold Eaton in the said County of Derby, Yeoman, Richard Gould of Pilsbury in the same County, Yeoman and John Johnson of New Inns in this County, Yeoman to allot and set out to each of the said Proprietors so much and such parts thereof as they should judge proportionable to their several and respective Sheep Gates and interests therein. AND WHERE AS the said Francis Beresford, Richard Gould and John Johnson have in pursuance of the said recited Articles allotted and set out to each of the said Proprietors such part and share of the said Upper Piece and also such Roads as hereinafter and in and by their Award in writing bearing date the 20th day of April last past is mentioned and described.

AND WHERE AS the said Proprietors being well satisfied with the said recited Award, have agreed that the said Common and Pasture shall be divided in such manner as in the said Award and hereinafter also is mentioned.

THIS INDENTURE THEREFORE WITNESSETH that for the conformation of the said Award and to that end the said Common Pasture may be divided and that each of the said Proprietors may hold and enjoy his share thereof allotted to him by the said Award in Severalty without the interruption of the other of them.

THEN the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham, Samuel Alsop, John Alsop, Thurstan Daleand Robert Dale Have made partition and by these present. Do make a full and perfect partition of the said Common Pasture to and amongst themselves in nine parts in manner and form following, (that is to say)

That the said Sir Charles Levinge his heirs and assign shall and may hold and enjoy to the only proper use and behoof of the said Sir Charles Levinge his Heirs and assigns forever. All the said parcels of land being part of the Common Pasture containing Four acres – One rood and Thirty-nine perches or thereabouts be the same more or less adjoining on the East and South to the land hereinafter set out to the said Job Roe on the West of the Common called WHITE CLIFFE and on the North to the land of the said Sir Charles Levinge called GOTHAM. 

AND ALSO that the said Job Roe his heirs and assigns shall and may hold and enjoy to the only proper use and behove of the said Job Roe his heirs and assigns forever. All that parcel of land being also part of the Common Pasture containing Twenty Three acre – One rood and eight perches or thereabouts be the same more or less adjoining on the East to the land hereinafter set out to the said Samuel Saunders on the West to the land herein, before set out to the said Sir Charles Levinge and to the said Common called the WHITE CLIFFE on the North of the said lands called GOTHAM and on the South to the land herein set out to the said Joseph Sykes and Robert Dale and also the road as the same markt or staked out for carriages and all other purposes whatsoever out of the Common Highway called SALTERSWAY in the land herein after set out for the said Joseph Sykes to the land hereby set out to the said Job Roe.

AND ALSO that the said Joseph Sykes his heirs and assigns shall hold and may enjoy to the only proper use and behoof of the said Joseph Sykes his heirs and assigns forever All parcels of land being also part of the said Common past containing Nine acres, Three roods and Thirty nine perches or thereabouts be the same more or less adjoining the East and North East to the lands hereinafter set out to the said Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham and Samuel Alsopp on the North and North West there of to the land herein before set out to the said Job Roe and on the South or South West to the land hereinafter to the said Robert Dale Subject nevertheless to the road herein before mentioned and set out to the said Job Roe.

AND ALSO to the said Samuel Saunders his heirs and assigns shall and may hold and enjoy to the only proper use and behoof of the said Samuel Saunders his heirs and assigns forever. All that parcel of land being also part of the said Common Pasture containing Seven acre fifteen perches and a half or there abouts being the same more or less adjoining on the East to the land hereinafter set out to the said John Alsopp on the west of the lands hereinbefore set out to the said Job Roe and Joseph Sykes on the North to the said lands called GOTHAM and on the South to the lands hereinafter set out to the said Thomas Kirkham. And also the road as the same is markt and staked out for Carriage and all other purposes whatsoever out of the said SALTERSWAY in the land hereinafter set out for the said Thomas Kirkham to the land hereby set out for the said Samuel Saunders.

AND ALSO to the said Thomas Kirkham his heirs and assigns shall and may hold and enjoy to the only proper use and behoof of the said Thomas Kirkham his heirs and assigns forever. All that parcel of land being part of the said Common Pasture containing Seven acres Fifteen perches and a half or there abouts the same more or less adjoining on the East to the lands hereinafter set out to the said John Alsopp and Samuel Saunders on the West and South to the land here before set out to the said Joseph Sykes and on the North to the land herebefore set out to the said Samuel Saunders, subject nevertheless to the road hereinbefore mentioned and set out to the said Samuel Saunders also subject to the road hereinafter mentioned and set out to the said Samuel Alsopp.

AND ALSO that the said Samuel Alsopp shall and may hold and enjoy to the only proper use and behoof of the said Samuel Alsopp his heirs and assigns forever. All that parcel of land being also part of the said Common Pasture containing Two? acres and Thirty one perches or thereabouts be the same more or less adjoining on the East or Eastwardly on a piece of land hereinafter set out to the said John Alsopp on the West or Westwardly lands hereinbefore set out to the said Thomas Kirkham and Joseph Sykes and to the land hereinafter set out to the said Robert Dale on the North or Northwardly pointing on the land herein before set out to the said Thomas Kirkham and on the South or Southeast to the land herein set out to the said Thurston Dale and also the road as the same markt or staked out for carriage and all other purposes whatsoever out of the said SALTERSWAY in the land herein before set out to the said Thomas Kirkham to the land hereby set out to the said Samuel Alsopp.

AND ALSO that the said John Alsopp his heirs and assigns shall and may hold and enjoy to the only proper use and behoof of the said John Alsopp his heirs and assigns forever. All that parcel of land being also part of the said Common Pasture containing Forty nine acres and two roods or thereabouts to be the same more or less adjoining on the East or Eastwardly to a piece of land called the LOW MOOR HEAD on the West or Westwardly to the lands herebefore set out to the said Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham and Samuel Alsopp on the North or Northwardly to the said lands called GOTHAM and on the South or Southwardly to the land hereinafter set out to the said Thurstan Dale.

Deed of Partition on Private Enclosure of part of Parwich. 1759

AND ALSO that the said Thurstan Dale his heirs and assigns shall and may hold and enjoy to the only proper use and behoof of the said Thurstan Dale his heirs and assigns forever. All that parcel of land being also part of the said Common Pasture containing One Hundred and Twelve acres and Two roods or thereabouts to be the same more or less adjoining on the East or Eastwardly to a piece of land called the SAND PITTS PIECE on the West or Westwardly to the said Common called the WHITE CLIFFE on the North or Northwardly to the lands hereinbefore set out to the said John Alsopp and Samuel Alsopp and to the land hereinafter set out to the said Robert Dale and on the South or Southwardly to a piece of land called ALSOP MOOR and another piece of land called the HAWKSLOW.

AND ALSO that the said Robert Dale his heirs and assigns shall and may hold and enjoy to the proper use and behoof of the said Robert Dale his heirs and assigns forever. All that parcel of land being also part of the Common Pasture containing by estimation Thirty nine acres Two roods and Thirty two perches or there abouts to be the same more or less adjoining on the East to the land herein before set out to the said Samuel Alsopp on the West of the said Common called the WHITE CLIFFE on the North to the lands herein before set out to the said Joseph Sykes and Job Roe and on the South to the land herein before set out to the said Thurstan Dale.

And the said Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham, Samuel Alsopp, John Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale for themselves and their heirs DO and each of them DOTH by these presents grant assign release and confirm to the said Sir Charles Levinge his heirs and assigns ALL and every the said Four acres One rood and Thirty nine perches more or less herein before mentioned to have been set out and herein before set out for him and all the Estate Right Titles and Interest which they the said Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham, Samuel Alsopp, John Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale or any of them or any of their heirs have or hath or may or ought to have of in and to the said premises so set out for the said Sir Charles Levinge as herein fore mentioned TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said premises so set out the said Sir Charles Levinge as aforesaid and hereby granted released and confirmed unto the said Sir Charles Levinge his heirs and assigns with only proper use and behoof of the said Sir Charles Levinge his heirs and assigns in severalty for ever.

And the said Sir Charles Levinge, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham, Samuel Alsopp, John Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale for themselves and their heirs DO and each of them DOTH by these presents grant assign release and confirm to the said Job Roe his heirs and assigns  ALL and every the said Twenty three acres One rood and Eight perches more of less herein before mentioned to be set out for him and also such road out of the said SALTERS WAY in the land hereby set out for the said Joseph Sykes as is herein before mentioned and also all the Right Title and Interest which they the said Sir Charles Levinge, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Keeling, Samuel Alsopp, John Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale any of them or any of their heirs have or hath or may or ought to have of in and to the same. TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said parcel of land road premises so set out for the said Job Roe as aforesaid and hereby granted xx and released and confirmed unto the said Job Roe his heirs and assigns to the sole and proper use and behoof of the said Job Roe his heirs and assigns in severalty forever.

And the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham, Samuel Alsopp, John Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale for themselves or their heirs Do and each of them Doth by these presents grant assign release and confirm unto the said Joseph Sykes and his heirs and assigns. All and every the said Nine acres Three roods and Thirty nine perches more or less herebefore mentioned to be set out for him And also all the Estate Right Title and Interest which they the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham, Samuel Alsopp, John Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale or any of them or any of their heirs have or hath or may or ought to have of in and to the same said premises save and except unto the said Job Roe such roads as is herein before mentioned and set out for him, TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said premises so set out for the said Joseph Sykes as aforesaid is hereby granted released and confirmed (except before excepted) unto the said Joseph Sykes his heirs and assigns to the sole proper use and behoof of the said Joseph Sykes his heirs and assigns in severalty for ever.

And the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Thomas Kirkham, Samuel Alsopp, John Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale for themselves and their heirs DO each of them DOTH by these presents grant assign release and confirm unto the said Samuel Saunders his heirs and assigns All and every the said Seven acres Fifteen perches and a half herein before mentioned to be set out for him and also such road out of the said SALTERS WAY in the lands hereby set out for the said Thomas Kirkham as is herein before mentioned And also all the estate right title and interest which they the said Sir Charles Levinge etc or any of them or any of their heirs have or hath or may or ought to have of in and to the same premises. TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said parcel of land assigns in severalty for ever AND the said Sir Charles Levinge Etc and Robert Dale for themselves and their heirs DO and each of them DOTH by these presents grant assign release and confirm unto the said Thomas Kirkham his heirs and assigns ALL and every the said Seven acres and fifteen perches and a half herein before described and mentioned to be set out for him and also all the Estate Right Title and Interest which they the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, John Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale or any of them or their heirs have or hath or may or ought to have as to the same premises save and except unto the said Samuel Saunders and Samuel Alsopp such roads over the said share of the said Thomas Kirkham and herein before mentioned and set out for them respectively TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said  premises so set out for the said Thomas Kirkham as aforesaid and hereby granted released and confirmed (except before excepted) unto the said Thomas Kirkham his heirs and Assigns to the sole proper use and behoof of the said Thomas Kirkham in severalty forever.

And to the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham, John Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale for themselves and their heirs DO and each of them DOTH by these presents grant assign release and confirm unto the said Samuel Alsopp and his heirs ALL and Every the said Eleven acres and Thirty one perches herein before mentioned to be set out for him and also such roads out of the said SALTERS WAY in the land hereby set out for the said Thomas Kirkham as is herein before mentioned And also all the Estate, Right, Title and Interest which they the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham, John Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale or any of them or any of their heirs have or hath or may or ought to have of in and to the same premises TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said parcel of land road premises so set out for the said Samuel Alsopp as aforesaid and herein before granted released and confirmed unto the said Samuel Alsopp his heirs and assigns to the sole and proper use and behoof of the said Samuel Alsopp his heirs and assigns in severalty forever.

And the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham, Samuel Alsopp Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale for themselves and their heirs DO and for each of them DOTH by these presents grant assign release and confirm unto the said John Alsopp and his heirs ALL and every the said Forty nine acres Two roods herein before mentioned to be set out for him. And also the Estate Right Title and Interest which they the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham Samuel Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale or any of them or any of Their heirs have or hath or may or ought to have of in and to the same premises TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said premises so set out for the said John Alsopp as aforesaid and hereby Granted Released and Confirmed unto the said John Alsopp his heirs and assigns to the sole proper use and behoof of the said John Alsopp his heirs and assigns in severalty forever.

And the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham, Samuel Alsopp, John Alsopp and Robert Dale for themselves and their heirs DO and for each of them DOTH by these presents Grant Assign Release and Confirm unto the said Thurstan Dale and his heirs ALL and every the said One hundred and Twelve acres and Two Rood herein before mentioned to be set out for him and also all the Estate Right Title and Interest which they the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham Samuel Alsopp, John Alsopp and Robert Dale or any of them or any of their heirs have or hath or may or ought to have of in and to the same premises. TO HAVE AND TO HOLD ** ** ** And the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham, Samuel Alsopp, John Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale for themselves their heirs Executors Administrators respectively and not one of them for the other but each of them for himself and his respective heirs executors and administrators Do and each of them DOTH hereby by covenant promise and agree to and with each other and the heirs and executors and administrators of each other in manner and form following that is to say that the Road or Common Highway in the said UPPER PIECE between the said PITTS PIECE GATE and the WHITE CLIFFE GATE and also all the other Common Highway or Road in the said UPPER PIECE called the SALTWAY leading between the said WHITE CLIFFE GATE and the said Gate called GOTHAM GATE shall remain and continue to be Roads each of them of the breadth of Eight yards for the use and convenience of all the said parties hereto. And also to the said diversionary or partition fences of the said Common Pasture shall be made before the twenty fifth day of March 1761 in the manner they are already markt or staked by the said Francis Beresford, Richard Gould and John Johnson at the expense of the said proprietors in proportion their several and respective shares and interests therein and that so much of the said fences shall when made shall be at all times hereafter upheld and be kept in repair by each of the said parties hereto their respective heirs and assigns as the said Francis Beresford, Richard Gould and John Johnson have by their said Awards set out appointed and directed for each of the said parties here to their respective heirs and assigns to uphold and keep in repair and likewise that all and every the said parcels of land and roads herein before mentioned to have been set out by the said Francis Beresford, Richard Gould and John Johnson and hereby also set out for each of the said proprietors or parties hereto respectively shall be in full for their and each of their respective shares of the said Common Pasture. AND FURTHER ALSO the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham, Samuel Alsopp, John Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale do hereby for themselves severally and respectively and for their several and respective heirs executors and administrators mutually and respectively covenant promise and grant to and with each and every other of them his heirs and assigns in manner and form following that is to say that all and every the said pieces or parcels of land herein before mentioned to be allotted and set out and hereby also granted and released shall or may from henceforth at all times hereafter be peaceably and quietly held and enjoyed by the several and respective person or persons to whom the same are so set out, allotted, granted and released without the Set Suit, Hindrance, Interruption, or Disruption of or by the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham, Samuel Alsopp, John Alsopp, John Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale or any of them or their heirs or assigns or by any other person or persons whomsoever lawfully or equitably claiming or ******* by from or under any of them respectively. AND ALSO that they the said Sir Charles Levinge, Job Roe, Joseph Sykes, Samuel Saunders, Thomas Kirkham, Samuel Alsopp, John Alsopp, Thurstan Dale and Robert Dale and their respective heirs and all and every other person or persons whomsoever having or lawfully claiming any Estate Right Title or Interest into or out of the said premises or any part thereof by from or under any of them respectively shall and will at anytime or times hereafter upon reasonable request and at the proper cost and charges in the law of any of the said parties hereto requiring the same make do seal and execute or cause and provide to be made done and sealed and executed all said and every such further and other act or acts, things and things (continued)

 

Parwich Award of 1789 for the enclosure of  927 acres 3 roods and 15 perches of land upon The Hill, Hawkslow and Great and Little Herdsman’s closes

No 1.  LEVINGE SIR CHARLES.  ( 250a  3r  30p.)

WE DO HEREBY set out assign allot and award unto the said Sir Charles Levinge his heirs and assigns all that piece or parcel of land upon the said open field called  Hawkslow as marked in the said map or plan with the No 1, containing Two hundred and Fifty acres Three roods and Thirty Six perches or there about bounded by the allotments hereby made to the said Elizabeth Roe the allotment hereby made to the Trustees of Parwich Charity the first allotment hereby made to the said Thomas Roe the first allotment hereby made to the said Thomas Swindell the allotment hereby made to the said John Millward the said Newhaven Road and by ancient enclosures of the said Sir Charles Levinge eastwardly, by the said ancient enclosures of the said Sir Charles Levinge and the first allotment of the said John Alsopp southwardly, by the said first allotment of the said John Alsopp and the said Liberty of Alsopp in the Dale southwestwardly, by the said Liberty of Alsopp in the Dale northwestwardly, and by the allotment hereby made to the said John Millward northwardly. And we do order direct and appoint that good and sufficient mounds or fences for enclosing the said allotment eastwardly half the way against the allotment of the said Elizabeth Roe beginning at the northwardly end and the said Newhaven Road southwestwardly and northwestwardly against the said Liberty of Alsopp in the Dale and northwardly against the said allotment of the said John Millward shall be made and for ever hereafter repaired and maintained by the said Sir Charles Levinge or by the owners or occupiers of the said allotment for the time being.

No 2. LEVINGE SIR CHARLES  ( 7a  0r  8p,)

One other piece or parcel of land upon the said open field called Hawkslow as marked in the said map or plan with the No 2 containing Seven acres and Eight perches or thereabouts bounded by the ancient enclosures of the said Sir Charles Levinge eastwardly, by the first allotment of the said Thomas Brownson southwardly, by the said Newhaven Road westwardly and by the ancient enclosure of the said Sir Charles Levinge, northwardly. And we do hereby order direct and appoint that good and sufficient mounds or fences for enclosing the said allotment southwardly against the first allotment of the said Thomas Brownson and westwardly against the said Newhaven Road shall be made and for ever thereafter repaired and maintained by the said Sir Charles Levinge or by the owners or occupiers of the said allotment for the time being.

No 3.  LEVINGE SIR CHARLES.  ( 5a  1r  18p )

One other piece or parcel of land upon the said open field called Hawkslow as marked in the said map or plan with the No 3, containing Five acres one rood and eighteen perches or thereabouts bounded by the ancient enclosed lands of the said Sir Charles Levinge eastwardly, by the ancient enclosed lands of the said Sir Charles Levinge and the said Newhaven Road southwardly, by the said Newhaven Road westwardly, and by the first allotment hereby made to the said Thomas Brownson and ancient enclosed lands of the said Sir Charles Levinge northwardly. And we do order direct and appoint that good and sufficient mounds or fences for enclosing the said allotment southwardly and westwardly against the said Newhaven Road shall be made and forever hereafter repaired and maintained by the said Sir Charles Levinge or by the owners or occupiers of the said allotment for the time being.

No 4.  LEVINGE SIR CHARLES.  (7a  1r  14p )

One other piece or parcel of land upon the said open fields called Hawkslow as marked in the said map or plan with the No 4 containing Seven acres One rood and Fourteen perches or thereabouts bounded by the said Newhaven Road and ancient enclosed lands of the said John Millward eastwardly, by the said ancient enclosed lands of the said John Millward and the first allotment hereby made to the said Robert Dale southwardly, and by ancient enclosures of the said Sir Charles Levinge westwardly. And we do order direct and appoint that good and sufficient mounds and fences for enclosing the said allotment eastwardly against the said Newhaven Road shall be made and forever hereafter repaired and maintained by the said Sir Charles Levinge or by the owners or occupiers of the said allotment for the time being.

No 5.  LEVINGE SIR CHARLES. ( 1a  0r 6p )

One other piece or parcel of land upon the said open field called Hawkslow as marked in the said map or plan with the No 5 containing One acre and Six perches or thereabouts bounded by the second allotment hereby made to the said John Alsopp eastwardly, by the said Alsopp in the Dale Road southwardly, by the first allotment hereby made to the said Robert Dale westwardly, and by ancient enclosed lands of the said Sir Charles Levinge northwardly. And we do order direct and appoint that good and sufficient mounds or fences for enclosing the said allotment southwardly against the said Alsopp in the Dale Road and westwardly against the first allotment of the said Robert Dale shall be made and for ever hereafter repaired and maintained by the said Sir Charles Levinge or by the owners or occupiers of the said allotment for the time being.

No 6.  LEVINGE SIR CHARLES.  ( 0a  1r  0p )

One other piece or parcel of Land upon the said open field called the Hawkslow as marked in the said map or plan with the No 6 containing One rood or thereabouts bounded by the second allotment hereby made to the said Thomas Brownson eastwardly, by the said Alsopp in the Dale Road southwardly, by the second allotment hereby made to the said John Alsopp westwardly, and by ancient enclosed lands of the said Sir Charles Levinge northwardly. And we do order direct and appoint that good and sufficient mounds or fences for enclosing the said allotment southwardly against the said Alsopp in the Dale Road and westwardly against the second allotment of the said John Alsopp shall be made and forever hereafter repaired and maintained by the said Sir Charles Levinge or by the owners or occupiers of the said allotment for the time being.

 No 7. LEVINGE SIR CHARLES. ( 0a  1r  8p )

One other piece or parcel of land upon the said open field called Hawkslow as marked in the said map or plan with the No 7 containing One rood and Eight perches or thereabouts bounded by the third allotment hereby made to the said John Alsopp eastwardly, by ancient enclosed lands of the said Sir Charles Levinge southwardly, by the allotment hereby made to the said William Wall westwardly, and by the said Alsopp in the Dale Road northwardly. And we do order direct and appoint that good and sufficient mounds or fences for enclosing the said allotment westwardly against the allotment of the said William Wall and northwardly against the said Alsopp in the Dale Road shall be made and for ever hereafter repaired and maintained by the said Sir Charles Levinge or by the owners or occupiers of the said allotment for the time being.

No 8.  LEVINGE SIR CHARLES.  (79a 2r 29p)

One other piece or parcel of land upon the said open field called The Hill as marked in the said map or plan with the No 8 containing Seventy Nine acres Two roods and Twenty Nine perches or thereabouts exclusive of a Cottage and garden therein contained bounded by the allotment hereby made to the said John Briddon and the forth allotment hereby made to the said John Alsopp eastwardly, by ancient enclosed lands belonging to the said Elizabeth Roe of the said John Alsopp and of the said Sir Charles Levinge southwardly. Ancient enclosed lands of the said Sir Charles Levinge and the said Twodale Gate Road westwardly, the said Twodale Gate Road and the fourth allotment hereby made to the said John Alsopp northwardly. And we do order direct and appoint that good and sufficient mounds or fences for enclosing the said allotment eastwardly against the allotment of the said John Briddon and the fourth allotment of the said John Alsopp and westwardly and northwardly against the said Twodale Gate Road shall be made and for ever thereafter repaired and maintained by the said Sir Charles Levinge or by the owners or occupiers of the said allotment for the time being.

No 9. LEVINGE SIR CHARLES.  ( 3a  3r  0p ) 

One other piece or parcel of land upon the said open field called The Hill as marked in the said map or plan with the No 9 containing Three acres and Three roods or thereabouts bounded by the third allotment hereby made to the said Thomas Swindell and the said Twodale Gate Road easwardly, by the said Twodale Gate Road southwardly, by ancient enclosed lands of the said Thomas Brownson and of the said Sir Charles Levinge westwardly, and by  ancient enclosed land of the said Thomas Swindell northwardly. And We Do order direct and appoint that good and sufficient mounds or fences for enclosing the said allotment eastwardly against the third allotment of the said Thomas Swindell and the said Twodale Gate Road, and southwardly against the said Twodale Gate Road shall be made and forever hereafter repaired and maintained by the said Sir Charles Levinge or by the owners or occupiers of the said allotment for the time being.

No 10. LEVINGE SIR CHARLES. ( 31a 1r 6p  )

One other piece or parcel of land upon the said open field called The Hill as marked in the said map or plan with the No 10 containing Thirty Six acres One rood and Six perches or thereabouts bounded by the third allotment hereby made to the said Robert Dale eastwardly, by the said Twodale Gate Road southwardly, by the third allotment hereby made to the said Thomas Swindell westwardly, and by ancient enclosed lands of the said Sir Charles Levinge northwardly. AND WE DO order direct and appoint that good and sufficient mounds or fences for enclosing the said allotment southwardly against the said Twodale Gate Road shall be made and forever hereafter repaired and maintained by the said Sir Charles Levinge or by the owners or occupiers of the said allotment for the time being.

No 11. LEVINGE SIR CHARLES.  ( 1a  1r  0p )

One other piece or parcel of land called the Town Head Green lying near to and being part of the said open fields called Hawkslow containing One acre and One rood or thereabouts bounded on the north east by ancient enclosures of the said Sir Charles Levinge, John Alsopp and John Millward, southwardly by ancient enclosures of the said Thomas Brownson, westwardly by ancient enclosures of the said John Millward and northwardly by ancient enclosures of the said Sir Charles Levinge. AND WE DO order direct and appoint that the said Sir Charles Levinge shall make and keep in repair all such fences as are and may be necessary to be made upon the said allotment. WHICH said Eleven described allotments containing together Three Hundred and Ninety Three acres One rood and Five perches we have set out and allotted unto the said Sir Charles Levinge in lieu of and in full compensation for the One Hundred and Eighty One Beastgates upon the said open fields or stinted pastures called Hawkslow and The Hill, and in lieu of and full compensation for his Ninety Sheep Gates upon the said open fields or parcels of land called The Stone Pitts Piece otherwise The Sand Pitts Piece and the said Two closes or parcels of land called The Herdmans Closes.

 

Christmas Party and Annual Quiz

Thursday 11th December 2003

The formula of mulled win and mince pies followed by an open quiz at the Sycamore Inn was again a great success.  We presented the prize for the overall winner of the Children’s Writing Competition to Hayley Powell during the first part of the evening. As always Janet’s home made mince pies and the mulled win were a great success.  Perhaps numbers were initially down on last year, but the Quiz was well attended with six teams entering.  The entries included both members of the Society and non-members.

The quiz contained both local and general knowledge sections, and was set by Rob Francis and Peter Trewhitt.  We reduced the number of questions slightly this year, which made the evening more relaxed for Rob as Quiz Master.  The local sections of the quiz are shown below with the answers given on p.

 

Parwich History Quiz

Copyright © 2003  Rob Francis

 

1. What closed after 900 years on 18th April 2003?

2. Latest research shows that Parwich ring banks are:

                        a) Bronze age excarnation platforms

                        b) Ditches for draining peat

                        c) Hut circles from the iron age

                        d) An encampment for the army of Bonnie Prince Charlie

3. At the time of the Domesday book Parwich manor was held for the king by:

                        a) Donald Shields

                        b) Coln

                        c)  John de Cockayne

                        d) Thomas Levinge

4. At the start of the 18th century a Dowager Queen is recorded as having land in Parwich. Was it 

                        a) Katherine of Aragon

                        b) Catherine of Braganza

                        c) Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

                        d) Quentin Crisp

5. Which two neighbouring local churches are joined by a coffin way?

6. Hanson Grange belonged to which monastery:

                        a) Comberemere Abbey

                        b) Darley Abbey

                        c) Burton Abbey

                        d) Durham Abbey

7. What is the special connection between Bradbourne and Leigh-on-Sea in Essex?

8. Where in Parwich was:

                        The Youth Hostel

                        The Unity Club

                        The Bowling Alley

                        The Cheese Factory

                        The HQ of the Socialist Workers Party

9. Which Parishes are the following in

                        a) Gorse Hill Farm

                        b) Gotham Grange

                        c) Pike Hall Farm

                        d) Shaw’s Farm

                        e) New Inns

10. Which of these families are not recorded as living at Parwich Hall:

                        a) Crompton-Inglefields

                        b) Allsops

                        c) Levinges

                        d) Shields

                        e) Brownsons

11. What opened in 1899 and was built by the London and North Western Railway?

12. The hearth tax of the 1670s recorded the number of hearths in each local house.   The following houses had one of the following number of hearths: 5, 6, 8, 18.  Match the number to the house.

                        a) Parwich Hall

                        b) Alsop Hall

                        c) Tissington Hall

                        d) Newton Grange

13. Daisy Bank Farm was initially developed soon after 1838 in order to hire out horses. What were the horses used for?

14. Here are the ingredients for a recipe: 8oz oatmeal   8oz plain or self raising flour   1 – 2 oz yeast   1 level spoon sugar   Pinch of salt. Is it for

                        a) Derbyshire oatcakes

                        b) Lumpeytums

                        c) Derbyshire Parkin

                        d) Thor cakes

15. Put the following occupants of Parwich Shop in the correct chronological order: 

                        a) Goulden

                        b) Wibberley

                        c) Bird

                        d) Lowe

                        e) Slater

16. Which are the two occupations that do not appear in the 1841 census:

                        a) Chair bottomer

                        b) Twine maker

                        c) Straw hat maker

                        d) Cordwainer; brewer

                        e) Gardener

                        f) Stay maker

                        g) Hock wager

17. Match the 8 old photographs shown overleaf to the 8 new ones take in approximately the same place.

Tie breaker

18. In 1650 what was the salary of the vicar of Parwich? (Nearest answer wins)

See p. 29 for the answers.

1                       5

                        6

3                       7

4                   8

A                         E

B                  F

C                   F

 D            H

 

 

Celebration of Rural life And Landscape

At last year’s (2003) AGM we agreed a theme for the Society’s activities over the next few years.  This theme was a ‘celebration of rural life and landscape’ and the committee has been making strides forward with this.  At present we have three components to this:

1. ‘Awards for All’ Grant towards ‘a Celebration of Rural life’

In December we heard that we had been successful in our grant application to ‘Awards for All’ for the first part of the ‘Celebration of Rural Life’ proposed at the 2003 AGM.  We have received a grant for £4,905 and the Society is committed to contributing a further £1,220 towards the project.  We can start the project straight away, but it must be completed by December 2004.

The project consists of:-

(i) 'Voices: Women of a White Peak Village' book.  Directly from our 2002 Local Festival came people’s memories of life in the area over the last eighty years.  Selected quotes from these recordings and writings will form the core of a book focusing on the woman's point of view.  The book, illustrated by photographs used in the previous exhibition or donated since, will give a feel for changes in rural and domestic life such as memories of growing up on working farms; festivals and outings; wartime; bereavement and aging; the coming of mains water and electricity; and changing career opportunities for women.  Being compiled by Gill Radcliffe the book is nearing completion, though Gill would be pleased to hear from anyone who may have further contributions, especially any relevant photographs.  Free copies of the book will be given to each household in the village.

(ii) Children and Young People.  A writing competition was held for all children living in the village (all ages), and those attending Parwich School from outside the village.  The aim was to generate further material for the book.  The results were printed in the last Newsletter (issue 15).  All the entries are to be included in the ‘Voices’ book.

(iii) Posted (old & new technologies).  The Society has produced a set of 8 postcards of the village a hundred years ago.  In the Autumn term each child in the Parwich School will be given a set of the cards (the emails of their day) and asked to send one to a school in the India and an inner city school in Derby.  Links have already been made: there are especially strong connections through the local parish church with the Diocese of Patna in India.  Then this exchange of cards, together with extracts from the book, will form the core of a website, together with a message board enabling children and adults to continue sharing their memories and thoughts on rural life.  The Society is willing to maintain this Voices website on an ongoing basis.  If you are interested in being involved in setting up the website contact Mike Radcliffe by email.

(iv) Rural Crafts and Domestic Life Day.  To launch both the 'Voices' book and website there will be a day of demonstrations of traditional crafts and skills, including domestic activities now lost (such as cheese making) and skills (such as drystone walling, smithying and wood turning) that are still practiced.  Local people (including the Women's Institute) have offered to demonstrate lost skills, and local crafts men and women will be employed to demonstrate their skills. 

2 Joint proposals with REAP (Rural Education & Arts Project)

The Committee felt that the Landscape aspects of the Project went beyond the scope of the History Society and started discussions with REAP and the recently formed Parwich Art Group.  This has resulted in a funding proposal that REAP has submitted to the Arts Council.  The bid submitted just covers the first year of the project, and it looks as if we will have the money to get started.  The ideas being discussed for both years are:-

2004 Art Marathon: A starting event for the whole celebration: an Art Marathon to raise money for charity (a fun event to loosen people up and to raise money towards the project) accompanied by music, Morris dancing; and barrel organ.  Perhaps this could take place on the rural crafts day.

Significant Sites: We propose to produce a booklet of walks in the Parwich area, a draft of which would be ready in year 1. The walks will provide an historical background and identify key sites that will inform a series of creative workshops that will occur in year 2. 
 

2004 & 2005 Reminiscences: A number of people would collect information, memories and associations relating to the key sites from a broad spectrum of the community, especially the older residents.

Parwich art group: to produce work in response to the landscape at the key sites. This work would form part of an exhibition in year 2. This could include painting days or sketchbook walks.

Art project with the Parwich School producing art and creative writing inspired by the key sites.

Art workshops: A series of day or weekend workshops by professional artists.  Art         produced could go to the exhibition in year 2.

2005 & 2006 Open Studios: A walk round Parwich taking in the studios of local artists, both amateur and professional, possibly in conjunction with Open Gardens day?

Artist in residence: Profession artist hired for a set period to undertake a series of work based on or inspired by the identified sites.  Need to investigate whether this could include provision of a studio in the village, where we could ‘see the artist at work’.

Exhibition: An exhibition including work produced by the art group and the school; displays from the walks (maps, old and current photographs, historical information etc.); and work by the artist in residence.  This would run concurrently with the weekend of ephemeral art.

A weekend of ephemeral art: A series of workshops producing performance, poetry and transient art using natural materials at the key sites. A number of these workshops will be geared especially to children. The weekend will culminate in a walk around the sites, drawing in all participants, including performance and music, and drawing in the community and visitors

Final publication: The whole two-year process and the work produced will be documented by photography, recordings and transcripts.  This will provide a record for the village etc., but also selected information, photographs and reproduction of the artwork will be combined with the original draft of walks to provide a contemporary response to the landscape combined with the historic description.

3 Commercial life

The various ideas on a history of local commercial life, a current trade directory, and related events have not been completely abandoned, but they have been put on hold because of the amount of work involved in the two projects above.  We will review this later in the year when we have a clearer idea of the Society’s commitment to the art project.

 

2003 Quiz Answers

1. All Saints Church, Ballidon

2. (b) Ditches for draining peat

3. (b) Coln

4.  (b) Catherine of Braganza

5. Bradbourne and Ballidon

6.  (c) Burton Abbey

7.  Evacuees came from there to Bradbourne

8.  The Youth Hostel  (Flaxdale), The Unity Club  (accept either Hideaway Cottage or The Fold), The Bowling Alley  (The Fold), The Cheese Factory  (Knob Hall also called Old Hall) and The HQ of the Socialist Workers Party  (White Meadows House) - 5 points

9.  Gorse Hill Farm  (Lee Hall), Gotham Grange (Parwich), Pike Hall Farm  (Hartington Nether Quarter), Shaws Farm  (Tissington), New Inns  (Newton Grange) - 5 points

10. (b) Allsops

11.  Ashbourne – Buxton Line

12.  Parwich Hall (6), Alsop Hall (8), Tissington Hall (18), Newton Grange (5) - 4 points

13.  Pulling trains

14.  (a) Derbyshire oatcakes

15.  (b) Wibberley, (e)  Slater, (c) Birds, (a) Goulden, (d) Lowes - 5 points

16.  (e) Gardener, (g) Hock wager - 2 points

17.  1 & E (Smithy Lane), 2 & H (Main Street), 3 & F (The Green), 4 & G (Spenedge), 5 & B (Bus shelter), 6 & C (Rathborne Croft), 7 & A (Creamery Lane) and 8 & D (Kiln Lane by the Hall) - 8 points

(Maximum total points 40)

Tie breaker: nearest answer to £6.13s 4d wins

 

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